What is Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

The number of people in the UK diagnosed with diabetes has increased to 3.2 million – one in seventeen of us are now affected by this illness. Diabetes is a complex condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood.

There are two types of diabetes, both are caused by diverse factors but develop in different ways;

Type 1 Diabetes.

diabetesType 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease: the immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells, the cells in the pancreas responsible for producing, storing and secreting the hormone insulin. Insulin transfers the glucose from the bloodstream into other cells, to be used for energy or stored as fat. Lack of insulin results in glucose accumulating in the bloodstream, which causes blood sugar levels to become too high. check the diabetes cure program: diabetes destroyer program review. Type 1 Diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes because in most cases sufferers need to inject themselves with additional insulin in order to keep their blood sugar levels balanced. Type 1 Diabetes is characterised by symptoms such as blurred vision, excessive thirst, needing to urinate more often, feeling tired and lethargic and unexplained weight loss. It is much rarer than Type 2 Diabetes, affecting around 15% of all diabetes sufferers.

Type 1 Diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, which is why it is also referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes, but it can develop any age. It is not entirely clear exactly what causes Type 1 Diabetes, though scientists agree that genetics play an important role. Only people with a specific HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex, found in Chromosome 6, are able to develop the disease. Antigens are responsible for triggering specific responses from the immune system.

When a virus invades the body, the immune system produces antibodies to fight the viral infection. If the virus happens to have similar antigens to the beta cells, the body will attack and destroy those cells and Type 1 Diabetes will develop. Viruses with similar antigens to the beta cells include the B4 strain of the coxsackie B virus, German measles, Mumps and Rotavirus.

There is no known cure for Type 1 Diabetes, but the condition can be managed with insulin injections, in addition to a healthy diet, moderate exercise, and careful monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes

In contrast, Type 2 Diabetes is not an autoimmune disease. We could argue that it is a lifestyle disease, due to the fact in most cases it is linked to poor diet choices, lack of exercise, and obesity.

A diet high in processed foods, refined carbohydrates and sugars, cause the beta cells to produce large amounts of insulin to soak up the excess glucose in the bloodstream. Over time, the body becomes less responsive to the insulin it produces. This is known as insulin resistance, the precursor to Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes symptoms are similar to those associated with Type 1 Diabetes, however one of the most striking differences between the two types is the fact Type 2 Diabetes can be managed without resorting to medication.

Evidence published in the Reversing Diabetes World Summit in 2014 suggests the condition can be reversed with a low carbohydrate diet and exercise.

Diabetes rates in the UK have rapidly increased in recent years, with the biggest rise seen in diagnoses ofdiabetes-ii Type 2 Diabetes. The good news is that Type 2 Diabetes is in most cases both preventable and reversible without medication. Whereas Type 1 diabetics need to constantly monitor their blood sugar levels and inject artificial insulin, Type 2 diabetics can manage their blood sugar levels and reverse their condition by swapping to a diet high in vegetables and low carbohydrate foods, and taking regular exercise.

 For many years, diabetes has been considered an incurable illness. Sufferers could expect to be taking medication for the rest of their lives to combat the degenerative effects on their health.

According to Stanford University, one in four people in the Western World have insulin resistance, the precursor to Type 2 Diabetes. This figure rises to nine in ten among obese people. Type 2 diabetes is most commonly associated with obesity and a poor diet.

To understand whether it is possible to reverse Type 2 diabetes, we must first understand the cyclical nature of the disease and how it progresses in the first place. The pancreas secretes insulin in response to the presence of glucose in the blood caused by eating carbohydrates, especially sugars. Insulin helps cells absorb the glucose and use it for energy, or store it as fat.

The more refined carbohydrates and sugars you eat, the more insulin is released into your bloodstream. Over time, cells become resistant to the consistently high levels of insulin. It is thought that by the time someone is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, they have been insulin resistant for 5 to 10 years. High blood sugar levels cause fatigue, resulting in less motivation to exercise, and high insulin levels increase hunger which results in even further weight gain. Breaking this cycle is key to reversing Type 2 diabetes.

Our modern diets are full of refined carbohydrates and sugars, in quantities that our bodies are not designed to cope with. The average prehistoric hunter-gatherer would find and eat the equivalent of around 80 grams of sugar a year. Adults in the UK consume on average 60 grams of sugar a day in the form of sweet treats, sugary breakfast cereals, fizzy drinks, white bread etc.

It is no wonder modern man is plagued by diet related illnesses. The good news is that Type 2 diabetes can be reversed. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that lifestyle changes could reverse Type 2 diabetes.

The participants, all overweight or obese type 2 diabetics, were put on a low calorie diet and asked to perform three hours of exercise a week. After a year, 11.5% of the participants no longer needed medication to balance their blood sugar levels.

Research published in the American Journal of Physiology found that exercise normalised insulin sensitivity in obese mice. The more sensitive the body is to insulin, the less insulin the pancreas needs to produce. Therefore, taking regular exercise can balance blood sugar levels, which helps reverse Type 2 diabetes. In addition to exercise, diet plays an extremely important role in Type 2 diabetes reversal.

Experts at the Reversing Diabetes World Summit in 2014 presented new and exciting information on the effects of a healthy diet on diabetes. They found that adopting a diet low in carbohydrate can completely cure Type 2 diabetes. By eating foods that are lower in carbohydrates and have a lower Glyceamic Index (GI), you can balance your blood sugar levels. Low GI foods tend to be higher in fibre, protein and essential nutrients, and are less sweet – foods such as vegetables, berries, nuts, seeds, meat and fish.

Your body reacts to these foods calmly, by producing only a small amount of insulin to absorb the small amount of glucose released. Eating little and often, and combining slow release carbohydrates with protein (such as snacking on nuts and fruit, or eating seed-like vegetables such as peas, green beans, beans or lentils) will also help to keep your blood sugar levels even.

The high content of fibre and nutrients in unprocessed, natural foods also help normalise appetite and balance blood sugar levels, leading to an eventual reversal of Type 2 diabetes.

Scientists are coming to the conclusion that Type 2 diabetes is curable. By taking regular exercise, choosing foods that balance blood sugar levels, and eliminating highly processed foods, it is possible to reverse Type 2 diabetes and lead a longer, healthier life.